Journal of Fashion Business

Journal of Fashion Business

Instructions to Authors

The Korean Society of Fashion Business Guideline for Authors

  • 01. All authors of a manuscript submitted to the Journal of Fashion Business must be members of The Korean Society of Fashion Business.
  • 02. The submitted manuscript must be original and not published elsewhere. In addition, the submitted should not be under consideration, under peer review, or accepted for publication at any other journal.
  • 03. All submitted manuscripts must abide by the “Research Ethics Code” of the Korean Society of Fashion Business.
  • 04. The copyright of the manuscripts will be transferred to the Korean Society of Fashion Business.
  • 05. All manuscripts must be submitted through the online submission system at Business website ( The submission fee, 100,000 KRW, will be charged only to the accepted manuscript after the review.
  • 06. All manuscripts must be typed using Hangul (HWP) or MS Word and must be converted into PDF files for submission. Do not include any names or affiliations of authors or acknowledgements in the submitted manuscript. The submitted manuscript must not exceed 25 pages (size A4), including all figures and tables.

    All manuscripts must abide by the following editing style and format.

    All manuscripts
    Format Font Type Size Scale Spacing Line Spacing Margins
    Hangeul(Hwp) Shinmyeongjo 11 point 100% 0% 160% Top: 20mm, Bottom: 15mm,
    Right: 30mm, Left: 30mm,
    Header: 15mm, Footer: 15mm
    MS Word Batang or Times New Roman 11 point 100% 0% 1.0 Top: 30mm, Bottom: 25.4mm,
    Right: 25.4mm, Left: 25.4mm,
    Header: 15mm, Footer: 15mm
  • 07. Submitted manuscripts must be written in Korean or English. Those submitted manuscripts written in Korean must indicate the title and keywords in both Korean and English, and the abstract, table and figure captions, and references must be written in English. Those papers written in English must be written only in English.
  • 08. All persons who have a reasonable claim to authorship must be named in the manuscript as co-authors; the name of the first author must be at the top, followed by co authors in the descending ‐ order of their contribution to the manuscript.

    Corresponding authors must be indicated with the symbol “(+),” and the contact number must be indicated.

  • 09. If the submitted manuscript is a part of the author’s thesis or dissertation, it should be specified in a footnote on the first page of the manuscript with the following: “This work is a part of a master’s thesis” or “This work is a part of a doctoral dissertation.”

    The degree holder must be listed as the first author of the manuscript.

  • 10. The abstract should be less than 250 words in English including the purpose, method, ― and results of the study―and must offer the general gist of the entire paper. No quotations, images, figures, or tables are allowed in the abstract.
  • 11. A maximum of five keywords should be suggested in both English and Korean (in parentheses) be low the abstract. If the manuscript is written in English, list the keywords in English only. Use lowercase letters for keywords except proper nouns.

    [Example] “Keywords: body type (체형), fashion (유행), Gabrielle Chanel (가브리엘 샤넬), internet shopping (인터넷 쇼핑)”

  • 12. Authors must adhere to the International System of Units (SI).
  • 13. The first letter of each word (except prepositions) of the title of a table or figure must be capitalized(e.g., Summary of Experimental Designs).

    Table titles (e.g., Table 1) must be placed at the top left side, while figure titles (e.g., Figure 1) must be centered below figures. The tables and figures must be correctly inserted in their respective positions of the manuscript. When authors refer to a table (e.g., Table 1) or figure (e.g., Figure 1), they must identity it as “Table 1” or “Figure 1” in English.

    [Example] According to Table 1, Chanel released a little black dress and … in 1926 (Figure 1, 2).

  • 14. The images (or photos) included in the manuscript must be, in principle, submitted in color. However, when they are published in the journal, images (or photos) are printed in black and white.

    If authors want to publish images (or photos) in color, there will be an additional KRW100,000 charge per page.

  • 15. Please provide the highest quality image format possible.

    Please be sure that all imported scanned material is scanned at the appropriate resolution: 300 dpi for photos and 600 dpi for line art of graphs.

    All images (or photos) must be in .EPS or .TIF format. Color photos can also be submitted in .JPEG format.

    When contributors quote any table, figure or photo from the copyrighted literatures, they must identify the source of information and specify whether prior permission was obtained.

  • 16. It is recommended to use as few footnotes as possible and to use them only when necessary.

    If it is necessary to use a footnote, authors must add a serial footnote number as a superscript to the right side of the concerned word or phrase and describe the content at the bottom of that page.

  • 17. The reference list must be written in English in alphabetical order. All entries included in the reference list must be cited in the main body of the manuscript.
  • 18. The reference list must be written in accordance with the “Journal of Fashion Business guidelines for reference and citation.”

    For information not specified in the “Journal of Fashion Business guidelines for bibliography and citation,” refer to the most recent version of the APA style manual (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association).

  • 19. Accepted manuscripts should be submitted in HWP or MS Word format with the names and affiliations of all authors and the contact information of the corresponding author in both English and Korean.

    The proofreading of the accepted manuscript is the authors’ responsibility, and no revision or addition is allowed during the proofreading process. However, if the manuscript editors request revisions or ask for confirmation, the authors must send a reply to the manuscript editors within two weeks.

    If the reply is delayed, the publication can be postponed.

    The authors are fully responsible for any errors published.

  • 20. All parts of the manuscript published in English (e.g., title, abstract, tables, and figures) must be proofread by professional native‐speaking editors, and the subsequent proofreading costs must be paid by the authors of the manuscript. The publication fee and author’s copy fee will be charged to the authors as follows: ‣ Publication fee: 200,000 KRW for up to 10 pages and 20,000 KRW/page for additional pages
    • ‣ Author’s copy fee (20 copies): 20,000 KRW
    • ‐ Bank name: Shinhan Bank
    • ‐ Account number: 100‐019‐369804

The Korean Society of Fashion Business Guideline for Reference and Citation

‣ Reference materials must be presented in English.

‣ The reference list must be arranged in alphabetical order of first authors’ surnames, and each reference needs to be cited directly in the manuscript . Unless otherwise stipulated, reference citation rules must follow APA Style Manual (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association).

‣ Footnotes should be used only as necessary. When footnotes are needed, they should be marked in numerical series placed in superscript at the end of the related sentence or clause. Footnote contents should be shown at the bottom of the page on which the corresponding indicator appears.

‣ References cannot be cited in the form of footnote or endnote.

[ References in Text ]

1. When the name of an author is mentioned in the manuscript content.
1) When there are two or fewer authors, cite the names of all authors.

― Park and Ryu(2012)는...

― ... (Park & Ryu, 2012).

― Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) supports...

― ... (Wegener & Petty, 1994).

2) If there are 3 authors or more, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citation, include the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” In the reference, write names of all authors.

― In case of the first citation : Walker, Allen, Bradley, Rmirez, and Soo (2008)...

... (Walker, Allen, Bradley, Rmirez, & Soo, 2008).

― In case of further citations : Walker et al. (2008)...

... (Walker et al., 2008).

3) When two or more citations are given at the same time, give them in alphabetical order of first authors’ last surnames.

― The advanced researches (Ahn & Ryou, 2011; Arli & Lasmono, 2010; Aupperle et al., 1985) are ...

4) If the reference list includes publications by two or more primary authors with the same surname and year, include the first author’s initials in all text citation. If the reference list includes different authors with the same surname and first initial, include the author’s full first name in all text citation.

― S. Kim (2008) insisted that...but M. Kim (2008) said that...

― ... (S. Kim, 2008; M. Kim, 2008).

― Soyoung Kim (2008) insisted that...but Soojin Kim (2008) said that...

― ... (Soyoung Kim, 2008; Soojin Kim, 2008).

5) If the reference with the same authors published in the same year, place lowercase alphabet letters-a, b, c, and so forth- immediately after the year.

― Kim (2008a) emphasized that...and in another Kim (2008b)'s study, it said that........

― ... (Kim, 2008a, 2008b).

6) In case of a direct quotation, the author's name, the year of publication, and the relevant page should be given in parentheses at the end of the quoted passage. When the quoted element is within two lines (in case of English, less than 40 words), quotation marks, " " must be used; longer quotations must be separated by a space before and after, with each line indented at the left-hand side. In cases where there is no page number, such as electronic sources, the shortened form of paragraph, “para,” should be used, if such are clearly distinguishable in the source text.

― When asked why his behavior had changed so dramatically, Max simply said, "I think it's the reinforcement” (Pauling, 2004, p. 69).

― Smith (2003) states, "managers need a detailed understanding of the communication process to be effective in the workplace" (p. 12).

― Taking into consideration gender differences in adolescent development, it may be that boys more intimate details when not in mixed company, there by having better treatment outcomes, Parents also play an integral role in fostering self-efficacy in their children and they need to get more involved, especially with their male teens. (Moore, Young, Weir, & Ochshorn, 2007, p. 142)

― Basu and Jones (2007) went so far as to suggest the need for a new "intellectual framework in which to consider the nature and form of regulation in cyberspace" (para. 4).

2. No identified authors : Begin the citation with the work's title (titles of books must be italicized).

― ...are mentioned in 2006 SR Index (2007)

― ...(2006 SR Index, 2007).

3. Institutional authors: For the first citation, give the name in full followed by an acronym in nested square brackets [ ]. Use the acronym in subsequent citations.

> for the first citation: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ([UNCTD], 2003) ...

> for the second citation: UNCTD (2003)... / ... (UNCTD, 2003).

4. Translations: After the name of the original author, add the original year of the work's publication and the date of translation in parentheses at the end of the reference entry.

― ... According to the explanation of Laplace (1814/1951),

― ... (Hernon, 1998/2001).

5. Secondary sources: Show the name of the original author and present the source of the secondary sources in parentheses.

― ...From the result of Zeitthaml (as cited in Park, 2008)....

― Seidenberg and McClelland's study (as cited in Coltheart et al., 1993)...

6. Articles in newspapers, in journals, or on websites: Place the main words of the title in quotation mark and add the year.

― Among last year's successful fashion companies ("Fashion corporate in Korea", 2010)

7. Patents: Add the patent number and the issue date of the patent.

― ... Korea Patent No. 204-0012216(1998)...

― ... (Korea Patent No. 204-0012216, 1998)...

― ... U.S. Patent No. 123,445(1988)...

― ... (U.S. Patent No. 123,445, 1988)...

8. Source of figure
1) If a figure is cited in the text, write the source (author, year, page) under the title of the figure.
2) If the source of the figure is the Internet, indicate the address of the representative website at the bottom of the figure for text citation. In the reference, include the entire URL address.
3) If the picture was originated from the author then it shall be noted as 'taken by author' or 'drawn by author', and the reference thereof can be abridged. For the authorship of single author and of more than one author, both notations of 'author' or 'authors' shall be used correspondingly.


Figure 1. Denim Dress

(Lee, 2010, p.55)


Figure 1. Denim Dress


9. Source of Table
1) Indicate the source of the table (author, year, page) flush right below the table.

[ References ]

1. Books
1) Where the author is an individual person

― Elkington, J. (1997). Cannibals with forks: The triple bottom line of 21st century business. Oxford, UK: Castone Publishing Ltd.

― Bronson, P., & Merryman, A. (2009). Nurtureshock: New thinking about children. NY: Twelve Press.

― Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., & Krugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

2) Institutional author

― ISO. (2009). Guidance on social responsibility. Geneva: ISO.

3) Works with no identified author

― 2006 SR Index. (2007). Seoul: The federation of Korean Industries.

― Longman dictionary of the English language. (1984). Harlow, England: Longman.

4) Authors with the same surname and same initial of the first name
: The authors’ full first names should be given in brackets.

― Janet, P. [Paul]. (1876). La notion de la personnalité [The notion personality]. Revue Scientifique, 10, 574-575.

― Janet, P. [Pierre]. (1906). The pathogenesis of some impulsions. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1, 1-17.

― Park, J. [Jina]. (2010). A study on Korean and Japanese consumers’ attitudes and consumer knowledge about luxury brands. Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles, 34(8), 1303-1318.

― Park, J. [Jungwon]. (2008). A study of the brand equity structure of luxury cosmetic brands. The Society of Korean Traditional Costume, 11(3), 31-42.

5) Multiple citations of the same author

: Citations should be given in chronological order.

: When there are two or more references from the same author in a single year, they need to be distinguished by adding a lowercase letter (e.g., 2009a, 2009b, etc.).

― Kim, M. (2008a). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

― Kim, M. (2008b). Title of work. Location: Publisher.

6) When the works of the first author with the same surname and other several authors are cited, they need to be mentioned in the alphabetical order of authors’ surname.

― Boockvar, K. S., & Burack, O. R. (2007).

― Boockvar, K. S., Firsching, A., & Brwon, J. (2008).

7) In case of edited materials, follow the author name(s) with “Ed.” Or “Eds.”

― Broinowski, A. (Ed.). (1990). ASEAN into the 1990s. London, England: Macmillan.

― Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

8) When the book is printed multiple times, ‘ed.’ is used. In case of a revised edition, ‘Rev. ed.’ is used

― Goudie, A. (2000). The human impact on the natural environment (5th ed.). Oxford, England: Blackwell.

― Spitzer, R. J. (2008). Politics of gun control (4th ed.). Washington, DC: CQ Press.

9) In cases of books with multiple volumes, use ‘Vol.’ or ‘Vols.’ (e.g., “Vol. 4” or “Vols. 1– 4”)

― Corsini, R. J. (Ed.). (1994). Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 4). New York, NY: J. Wiley.

― Topliss, H. (1985). Tom Roberts 1856 - 1931: A catalogue raisonne (Vol. 2). Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press.

10) In cases where the material can be read only in e-book form (In cases where there is no specific year mentioned, the abbreviated form of no date, ‘n.d’, is used)

― O’Keefe, E. (n.d.). Egoism & the crisis in Western values. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from http://www.

11) In case the material is published as both a printed book and e-book

― Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency [DX Reader version]. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from

― Shotton, M. A. (1989). Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency [DX Reader version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722

12) For dictionaries or encyclopedias

― Smith, A. D. (Ed.). (2000). Oxford dictionary of biochemistry and molecular biology (Rev. ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

13) For online dictionaries and encyclopedias with author information

― Yalowitz, S. (2005). Anomalous Monism. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Fall 2007 ed.). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from

― Kinni, T. B. (2004). Disney, Walt: Founder of Disney company. In G. R. Goeth, & J. M. Burns (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leadership (Vol. 1, pp. 345-349). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

14) For non-English books (without English title)

: Provide the title in original language and the English translation in brackets,

― Francois, B. (1965). Histoire du costume: En occident de l'antiquuite a nos jours [A history of costume in the West]. Paris: Flammarion.

― Korea Federation of Textile Industries. (2013). 한국섬유패션연감 2013 [Korea textile fashion yearbook 2013]. Seoul: Jeongmunsa.

15) Translation books

: Provide name of the author, publication date of the translation book in parentheses, the title of translation book, name of translator and abbreviation "Trans." in parentheses, the place of publication, and the publisher. The original publication date should be given in parentheses at the end.

― George, E. (2001). Museum theory for curators. (J. Yang, Trans.). Seoul: Gimmyoungsa. (Original work published 1995).

― Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. ( F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 1814).

2. Academic journals
1) Where the title is in English

― Albinsson, P., & Perera, B. (2009). From trash to treasure and beyond: The meaning of voluntary disposition. Journal of Consumer Behaviour, 8(6), 340-353.

― Kim, M., & Park, H. (2011). Make up culture and image of Korean women in the late of 20th century. Journal of Business Research, 15(4), 67-86.

2) In case of non-English journal (without English title)

:The original title needs to be given, followed by the translated title in parentheses . When the title of an academic journal is given in a foreign language, the original title should not be modified or translated.

― Ising, M. (2000). Intensitatsabhangigkeit evozierter potenzial im EEG: Sind impulsive personen augmenter oder reducer? [Intensity dependence in event-related EEG potentials: Are impulsive individuals augmenters or reducers?]. Zeiyschrift fur Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie, 21, 208-217.

― Dubost, F. (1999). Le beau et la mode [Beauty and fashion]. TERRAIN, 32, 10.

― Keum, J. (1999). 조선시대 철릭 연구 [A study on Cheollik, in the Joseon Dynasty]. 韓國服飾, 5-56.

3) For journal articles with a digital object identifier (DOI)

― Yoo, B., & Donthu, N. (2001). Developing and validating a multidimensional consumer-based brand equity scale. Journal of Business Research, 17(1), 1–14. doi:10.1016/S0148-2963(99)00098-3

― Ko, T., Yeom, S., & Lee, M. (2017). The effects of using O2O fashion mobile commerce on consumers' attitudes and intentions. Journal of Fashion Business, 21(3), 67-79. doi:10.12940/jfb.2017.21.3.67

4) For online publications, a DOI number or URL must be added.

― Von Ledebur, S. C. (2007). Optimizing knowledge transfer by new employees in companies. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 18(3), 120-132. Advance online publication. doi:10.1057/palgrave. kmrp.8500141

― Margulis, A., Roeck, H., & Laroche, M. (2019). Connecting with consumers using ubiquitous technology: A new model to forecast consumer reaction. Journal of Business Research. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.04.019

3. Doctoral dissertations and Master’s theses

― Kim, S. (1998). A study of the structure of clothing consumption values and the relation between clothing consumption values and clothing involvement and fashion leadership (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

― Ward, I. (1998). Sedimentary history of the Pandora wreck and surrounds (Unpublished master’s thesis). James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

4. Conference proceedings
1) When proceedings are published

― Ahn, S., & Ryou, E. (2012). The effect of clothing consumption value on the clothing disposition behavior. Proceedings of 2012 International Conference on Fashion Design and Apparel Industry (pp. 162-163). Daegu: The Society of Fashion & Textile Industry.

― Gibson, C. C. (2005). In S. Allsop (Ed.) Impact of the larger social context on the distance learner. Proceedings of International Council for Distance Education: One world many voices (pp. 279-282). Chicago: Milton Keynes.

2) When proceedings are not published

― Ryou, E., & Knight, D. K. (2009). Service Quality and Its Implications for T-Commerce. Paper presented at the annual meeting of International Textile & Apparel Association, Bellevue, Washington.

― Martins, J. R. (2004, April). Working with the terminally ill: An integrated theoretical model. In J. R. Tunon (Chair), Cooperative health care in the 21st century. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Counseling Association World Conference, San Diego, CA.

5. Newspaper or journal articles
1) Author(s)

― Lawlor, A. (2000, July 20). Phoenician 'find' makes textbooks ancient history. The Courier Mail. pp. 10-11.

― Heinlein, G. (2007, July 24). Michigan smoking ban takes big step. Detroit News. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from

2) No-author/Unknown author

― ISO 26000 and social sustainability. (2010, July 7). Fashion News, p. 7.

― Top 100 fashion corporate in Korea. (2010, June 14). Fashion Biz, p. 83.

6. Materials from Internet
1) Web page

― Fast retailing CSR report. (2012). Fast retailing Co. Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2012, from

― Fantasy of IT & fashion. (2012, June 8). Chosunbiz. Retrieved November 20, 2012, from

2) Government online materials

― National Institute of Health. (2009). Depression: The silent killer (NIH Publication No. 08-3571). Retrieved November 21, 2017, from

3) Lecture notes

― Bond, T. (2004). ED1401: Childhood and adolescence, week 12 notes. [Word document]. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from

4) Website without the author (In cases where there is no specific year mentioned, the abbreviated form of no date, ‘n.d’, is used)

― Top designers and luxury brands win in PETA’s first ‘Vegan Fashion Awards’. (2014, June 9). PETA. Retrieved February 7, 2020, from– brands-win-petas-first-vegan-fashion-awards/

― Animal free. (n.d.). Animal Free. Retrieved February 6, 2020, from

5) Images

― Denim Dress. (2019). Retrieved January 1, 2020, from

6) Video materials

― Hugas, J. (2017, February 9). Amazon Dash Button [Video] YouTube. Retrieved December 21, 2018, from

7. In cases of re-citation of data residing in other literature, then the source(s) of reference, quoted directly by researcher, shall be stated.

8. Book chapter

― Atkinson, S., & Easey, M. (2009). Designing and marketing fashion products. In Easey, M. (Eds.), Fashion marketing (pp. 145-176). West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

9. Patent: Include the inventor(s) to whom the patens is issued and the official source from which the patent information can be retrieved.

― Bryant, S. J. (1998). European Patent No. EP GB2322334. Munich, Germany: European Patent Office.

― Smith, I. M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123.445. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.